PSU Profiles
Last Name

Robert Eckhardt

TitleProfessor of Developmental Genetics and Evolutionary Morphology
InstitutionCollege of Health and Human Development
Address203 Water Tower
University Park, PA 16802
Other Positions
InstitutionHuck Institutes of the Life Sciences


Professor of Developmental Genetics and Evolutionary Morphology




Ph.D., Anthropology and Human Genetics, University of Michigan, 1971


Dr Eckhardt's research focuses on the interaction of genetic and environmental influences on growth and development in human populations; musculo-skeletal structures are of primary interest. His current study techniques emphasize computer imaging and analysis of two-dimensional and three-dimensional data representing anatomical structures. Particular emphasis is placed on integration of molecular and morphological perspectives on development.

 selected publications
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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  1. Eckhardt RB, Henneberg M, Chavanaves S, Weller AS, Hsü KJ. Reply to Westaway et al.: Mandibular misrepresentations fail to support the invalid species Homo floresiensis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Feb 17; 112(7):E606.
    View in: PubMed
  2. Eckhardt RB, Henneberg M, Weller AS, Hsü KJ. Rare events in earth history include the LB1 human skeleton from Flores, Indonesia, as a developmental singularity, not a unique taxon. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Aug 19; 111(33):11961-6.
    View in: PubMed
  3. Henneberg M, Eckhardt RB, Chavanaves S, Hsü KJ. Evolved developmental homeostasis disturbed in LB1 from Flores, Indonesia, denotes Down syndrome and not diagnostic traits of the invalid species Homo floresiensis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Aug 19; 111(33):11967-72.
    View in: PubMed
  4. Eckhardt RB, Henneberg M. LB1 from Liang Bua, Flores: craniofacial asymmetry confirmed, plagiocephaly diagnosis dubious. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2010 Nov; 143(3):331-4; discussion 355-42.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Kuperavage AJ, Sommer HJ, Eckhardt RB. Moment coefficients of skewness in the femoral neck cortical bone distribution of BAR 1002'00. Homo. 2010 Aug; 61(4):244-52.
    View in: PubMed
  6. Jacob T, Indriati E, Soejono RP, Hsü K, Frayer DW, Eckhardt RB, Kuperavage AJ, Thorne A, Henneberg M. Pygmoid Australomelanesian Homo sapiens skeletal remains from Liang Bua, Flores: population affinities and pathological abnormalities. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 Sep 5; 103(36):13421-6.
    View in: PubMed
  7. Sommer HJ, Eckhardt RB, Shiang TY. Superquadric modeling of cranial and cerebral shape and asymmetry. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2006 Feb; 129(2):189-95.
    View in: PubMed
  8. Galik K, Senut B, Pickford M, Gommery D, Treil J, Kuperavage AJ, Eckhardt RB. External and internal morphology of the BAR 1002'00 Orrorin tugenensis femur. Science. 2004 Sep 3; 305(5689):1450-3.
    View in: PubMed
  9. Eckhardt RB. Polymorphisms past and present. Hum Biol. 2003 Aug; 75(4):559-75.
    View in: PubMed
  10. Eckhardt RB. Genetic research and nutritional individuality. J Nutr. 2001 Feb; 131(2):336S-9S.
    View in: PubMed
  11. Thorne AG, Wolpoff MH, Eckhardt RB. Genetic variation in Africa. Science. 1993 Sep 17; 261(5128):1507-8.
    View in: PubMed
  12. Eckhardt RB, Protsch von Zieten RR. Apes and apomorphies: the anterior nasal spine as a projection of cladistic conceptions. Z Morphol Anthropol. 1992 Jun; 79(1):95-101.
    View in: PubMed
  13. Eckhardt RB. Hominid brain evolution: two conceptions of science. Anthropol Anz. 1991 Dec; 49(4):289-302.
    View in: PubMed
  14. Eckhardt RB, von Zieten RP. Morphological variation in the nasal region of extant and fossil hominids. Z Morphol Anthropol. 1990; 78(2):211-6.
    View in: PubMed
  15. Eckhardt RB. Evolutionary morphology of human skeletal characteristics. Anthropol Anz. 1989 Sep; 47(3):193-228.
    View in: PubMed
  16. Eckhardt RB. Was plio-pleistocene hominid brain expansion a pleiotropic effect of adaptation to heat stress? Anthropol Anz. 1987 Sep; 45(3):193-201.
    View in: PubMed
  17. Eckhardt RB. Hominoid nasal region polymorphism and its phylogenetic significance. Nature. 1987 Jul 23-29; 328(6128):333-7.
    View in: PubMed
  18. Eckhardt RB. The relative body weights of Bornean and Sumatran orangutans. Am J Phys Anthropol. 1975 May; 42(3):349-50.
    View in: PubMed
  19. Eckhardt RB. Population genetics and human origins. Sci Am. 1972 Jan; 226(1):94-103.
    View in: PubMed
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