PSU Profiles
Last Name

Milena Bogunovic

TitleAssistant Professor
InstitutionCollege of Medicine
DepartmentMicrobiology and Immunology
Address500 University Drive, Hershey, PA 17033
Mailbox: H107
Phone7175310003 x287899
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse awards and honors
    1997M.D., Russian State Medical University
    2000Clinical Fellowship in Clinical Immunology and Allergy, Russian State Medical University
    2005Ph.D., Mount Sinai School of Medicine / Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
    2012Research Fellowship in Immunobiology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse overview
    My lab studies the intestinal immune system in health and disease with the focus on the mononuclear phagocyte family. Mononuclear phagocytes include dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages, two related but subspecialized cell types with common and distinct functions. The common functions include the ability to phagocytize extracellular matrix and microbes; however, it is still elusive how the labor is divided between DCs and macrophages.
    Understanding the functional specialization of intestinal mononuclear phagocyte subsets requires reconstruction of their cellular microenvironment. Following this approach, we recently characterized a distinct subset of intestinal macrophages that reside along the neural fibers and next to neurons of the enteric nervous system (ENS). We have demonstrated that the crosstalk between ENS-associated macrophages and enteric neurons modulates gastrointestinal physiology in response to mucosal stimuli.
    Gastrointestinal (GI) health is essential for overall body health. Differentiation between harmless and harmful antigens is essential in the optimal immune response and maintenance of GI integrity. Neural mechanisms regulate all key functions of the GI tract such as motility, secretion and vasoregulation. Moreover, accumulating evidence indicates an integrated regulatory role of neural signals in intestinal immunity. The overall interest of my lab is to understand how coordinated efforts of enteric immune and nervous systems maintain intestinal homeostasis and control infection, and how the disbalance in each system may lead to developing inflammatory gut conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
    More information about my lab can be found here:

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Kulkarni S, Micci MA, Leser J, Shin C, Tang SC, Fu YY, Liu L, Li Q, Saha M, Li C, Enikolopov G, Becker L, Rakhilin N, Anderson M, Shen X, Dong X, Butte MJ, Song H, Southard-Smith EM, Kapur RP, Bogunovic M, Pasricha PJ. Adult enteric nervous system in health is maintained by a dynamic balance between neuronal apoptosis and neurogenesis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2017 05 02; 114(18):E3709-E3718. PMID: 28420791.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Bogunovic M. ILC3s and the Willow Tree of Voices. Immunity. 2016 08 16; 45(2):238-9. PMID: 27533011.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Koscsó B, Bogunovic M. Analysis and Purification of Mouse Intestinal Dendritic Cell and Macrophage Subsets by Flow Cytometry. Curr Protoc Immunol. 2016 Aug 01; 114:14.39.1-14.39.14. PMID: 27479657.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Sisirak V, Sally B, D'Agati V, Martinez-Ortiz W, Özçakar ZB, David J, Rashidfarrokhi A, Yeste A, Panea C, Chida AS, Bogunovic M, Ivanov II, Quintana FJ, Sanz I, Elkon KB, Tekin M, Yalçinkaya F, Cardozo TJ, Clancy RM, Buyon JP, Reizis B. Digestion of Chromatin in Apoptotic Cell Microparticles Prevents Autoimmunity. Cell. 2016 Jun 30; 166(1):88-101. PMID: 27293190.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Margolis KG, Gershon MD, Bogunovic M. Cellular Organization of Neuroimmune Interactions in the Gastrointestinal Tract. Trends Immunol. 2016 Jul; 37(7):487-501. PMID: 27289177; PMCID: PMC5003109.
    6. Koscsó B, Gowda K, Bogunovic M. In vivo depletion and genetic targeting of mouse intestinal CX3CR1(+) mononuclear phagocytes. J Immunol Methods. 2016 May; 432:13-23. PMID: 26705686.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Panea C, Farkas AM, Goto Y, Abdollahi-Roodsaz S, Lee C, Koscsó B, Gowda K, Hohl TM, Bogunovic M, Ivanov II. Intestinal Monocyte-Derived Macrophages Control Commensal-Specific Th17 Responses. Cell Rep. 2015 Aug 25; 12(8):1314-24. PMID: 26279572; PMCID: PMC4567384.
    8. Koscsó B, Gowda K, Schell TD, Bogunovic M. Purification of dendritic cell and macrophage subsets from the normal mouse small intestine. J Immunol Methods. 2015 Jun; 421:1-13. PMID: 25796561.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Mielcarek M, Kirkorian AY, Hackman RC, Price J, Storer BE, Wood BL, Leboeuf M, Bogunovic M, Storb R, Inamoto Y, Flowers ME, Martin PJ, Collin M, Merad M. Langerhans cell homeostasis and turnover after nonmyeloablative and myeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. Transplantation. 2014 Sep 15; 98(5):563-8. PMID: 24717220; PMCID: PMC4149838.
    10. Muller PA, Koscsó B, Rajani GM, Stevanovic K, Berres ML, Hashimoto D, Mortha A, Leboeuf M, Li XM, Mucida D, Stanley ER, Dahan S, Margolis KG, Gershon MD, Merad M, Bogunovic M. Crosstalk between Muscularis Macrophages and Enteric Neurons Regulates Gastrointestinal Motility. Cell. 2014 Aug 28; 158(5):1210. PMID: 28917294.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Muller PA, Koscsó B, Rajani GM, Stevanovic K, Berres ML, Hashimoto D, Mortha A, Leboeuf M, Li XM, Mucida D, Stanley ER, Dahan S, Margolis KG, Gershon MD, Merad M, Bogunovic M. Crosstalk between muscularis macrophages and enteric neurons regulates gastrointestinal motility. Cell. 2014 Jul 17; 158(2):300-313. PMID: 25036630; PMCID: PMC4149228.
    12. Mortha A, Chudnovskiy A, Hashimoto D, Bogunovic M, Spencer SP, Belkaid Y, Merad M. Microbiota-dependent crosstalk between macrophages and ILC3 promotes intestinal homeostasis. Science. 2014 Mar 28; 343(6178):1249288. PMID: 24625929; PMCID: PMC4291125.
    13. Bogunovic M, Mortha A, Muller PA, Merad M. Mononuclear phagocyte diversity in the intestine. Immunol Res. 2012 Dec; 54(1-3):37-49. PMID: 22562804.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Gautier EL, Chow A, Spanbroek R, Marcelin G, Greter M, Jakubzick C, Bogunovic M, Leboeuf M, van Rooijen N, Habenicht AJ, Merad M, Randolph GJ. Systemic analysis of PPAR? in mouse macrophage populations reveals marked diversity in expression with critical roles in resolution of inflammation and airway immunity. J Immunol. 2012 Sep 01; 189(5):2614-24. PMID: 22855714; PMCID: PMC3537497.
    15. Miller JC, Brown BD, Shay T, Gautier EL, Jojic V, Cohain A, Pandey G, Leboeuf M, Elpek KG, Helft J, Hashimoto D, Chow A, Price J, Greter M, Bogunovic M, Bellemare-Pelletier A, Frenette PS, Randolph GJ, Turley SJ, Merad M. Deciphering the transcriptional network of the dendritic cell lineage. Nat Immunol. 2012 Sep; 13(9):888-99. PMID: 22797772; PMCID: PMC3985403.
    16. Manocha M, Shajib MS, Rahman MM, Wang H, Rengasamy P, Bogunovic M, Jordana M, Mayer L, Khan WI. IL-13-mediated immunological control of enterochromaffin cell hyperplasia and serotonin production in the gut. Mucosal Immunol. 2013 Jan; 6(1):146-55. PMID: 22763407.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Greter M, Helft J, Chow A, Hashimoto D, Mortha A, Agudo-Cantero J, Bogunovic M, Gautier EL, Miller J, Leboeuf M, Lu G, Aloman C, Brown BD, Pollard JW, Xiong H, Randolph GJ, Chipuk JE, Frenette PS, Merad M. GM-CSF controls nonlymphoid tissue dendritic cell homeostasis but is dispensable for the differentiation of inflammatory dendritic cells. Immunity. 2012 Jun 29; 36(6):1031-46. PMID: 22749353; PMCID: PMC3498051.
    18. Lewis KL, Caton ML, Bogunovic M, Greter M, Grajkowska LT, Ng D, Klinakis A, Charo IF, Jung S, Gommerman JL, Ivanov II, Liu K, Merad M, Reizis B. Notch2 receptor signaling controls functional differentiation of dendritic cells in the spleen and intestine. Immunity. 2011 Nov 23; 35(5):780-91. PMID: 22018469; PMCID: PMC3225703.
    19. Sathaliyawala T, O'Gorman WE, Greter M, Bogunovic M, Konjufca V, Hou ZE, Nolan GP, Miller MJ, Merad M, Reizis B. Mammalian target of rapamycin controls dendritic cell development downstream of Flt3 ligand signaling. Immunity. 2010 Oct 29; 33(4):597-606. PMID: 20933441; PMCID: PMC2966531.
    20. Helft J, Ginhoux F, Bogunovic M, Merad M. Origin and functional heterogeneity of non-lymphoid tissue dendritic cells in mice. Immunol Rev. 2010 Mar; 234(1):55-75. PMID: 20193012.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Ginhoux F, Liu K, Helft J, Bogunovic M, Greter M, Hashimoto D, Price J, Yin N, Bromberg J, Lira SA, Stanley ER, Nussenzweig M, Merad M. The origin and development of nonlymphoid tissue CD103+ DCs. J Exp Med. 2009 Dec 21; 206(13):3115-30. PMID: 20008528; PMCID: PMC2806447.
    22. Bogunovic M, Ginhoux F, Helft J, Shang L, Hashimoto D, Greter M, Liu K, Jakubzick C, Ingersoll MA, Leboeuf M, Stanley ER, Nussenzweig M, Lira SA, Randolph GJ, Merad M. Origin of the lamina propria dendritic cell network. Immunity. 2009 Sep 18; 31(3):513-25. PMID: 19733489; PMCID: PMC2778256.
    23. Shang L, Thirunarayanan N, Viejo-Borbolla A, Martin AP, Bogunovic M, Marchesi F, Unkeless JC, Ho Y, Furtado GC, Alcami A, Merad M, Mayer L, Lira SA. Expression of the chemokine binding protein M3 promotes marked changes in the accumulation of specific leukocytes subsets within the intestine. Gastroenterology. 2009 Sep; 137(3):1006-18, 1018.e1-3. PMID: 19501588; PMCID: PMC2736321.
    24. Jakubzick C, Bogunovic M, Bonito AJ, Kuan EL, Merad M, Randolph GJ. Lymph-migrating, tissue-derived dendritic cells are minor constituents within steady-state lymph nodes. J Exp Med. 2008 Nov 24; 205(12):2839-50. PMID: 18981237; PMCID: PMC2585843.
    25. Ginhoux F, Collin MP, Bogunovic M, Abel M, Leboeuf M, Helft J, Ochando J, Kissenpfennig A, Malissen B, Grisotto M, Snoeck H, Randolph G, Merad M. Blood-derived dermal langerin+ dendritic cells survey the skin in the steady state. J Exp Med. 2007 Dec 24; 204(13):3133-46. PMID: 18086862; PMCID: PMC2150983.
    26. Bogunovic M, Davé SH, Tilstra JS, Chang DT, Harpaz N, Xiong H, Mayer LF, Plevy SE. Enteroendocrine cells express functional Toll-like receptors. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2007 Jun; 292(6):G1770-83. PMID: 17395901; PMCID: PMC3203538.
    27. Collin MP, Bogunovic M, Merad M. DC homeostasis in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Cytotherapy. 2007; 9(6):521-31. PMID: 17882716.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Bogunovic M, Ginhoux F, Wagers A, Loubeau M, Isola LM, Lubrano L, Najfeld V, Phelps RG, Grosskreutz C, Scigliano E, Frenette PS, Merad M. Identification of a radio-resistant and cycling dermal dendritic cell population in mice and men. J Exp Med. 2006 Nov 27; 203(12):2627-38. PMID: 17116734; PMCID: PMC2118165.
    29. Zhao J, Kong HJ, Li H, Huang B, Yang M, Zhu C, Bogunovic M, Zheng F, Mayer L, Ozato K, Unkeless J, Xiong H. IRF-8/interferon (IFN) consensus sequence-binding protein is involved in Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling and contributes to the cross-talk between TLR and IFN-gamma signaling pathways. J Biol Chem. 2006 Apr 14; 281(15):10073-80. PMID: 16484229.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Ginhoux F, Tacke F, Angeli V, Bogunovic M, Loubeau M, Dai XM, Stanley ER, Randolph GJ, Merad M. Langerhans cells arise from monocytes in vivo. Nat Immunol. 2006 Mar; 7(3):265-73. PMID: 16444257; PMCID: PMC4727824.
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