PSU Profiles
Last Name

Philip Reno

InstitutionCollege of Liberal Arts
Address409 Carpenter Bldg
University Park, PA 16802
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    Other Positions
    InstitutionHuck Institutes of the Life Sciences

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    Assistant Professor of Anthropology


    Cell and Developmental Biology, Genetics


    B.A., Anthropology, Washington University in St. Louis
    M.A., Anthropology, Kent State University
    Ph.D., Biomedical Sciences, Kent State University


    Dr. Reno's research focuses on comparative primate and vertebrate evolution, with the main goal to discover the genetic and developmental mechanisms that make us human. Current projects include studying the role of androgen receptor gene regulation in human and primate evolution, genetic mechanisms underlying differential skeletal growth, and the evolution of hominid postcrania.

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Reno PL, Kjosness KM, Hines JE. The Role of Hox in Pisiform and Calcaneus Growth Plate Formation and the Nature of the Zeugopod/Autopod Boundary. J Exp Zool B Mol Dev Evol. 2016 Jul; 326(5):303-21. PMID: 27507801.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Machnicki AL, Lovejoy CO, Reno PL. Developmental identity versus typology: Lucy has only four sacral segments. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2016 08; 160(4):729-39. PMID: 27101066.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Machnicki AL, Spurlock LB, Strier KB, Reno PL, Lovejoy CO. First steps of bipedality in hominids: evidence from the atelid and proconsulid pelvis. PeerJ. 2016; 4:e1521. PMID: 26793418; PMCID: PMC4715437.
    4. Reno PL, Lovejoy CO. From Lucy to Kadanuumuu: balanced analyses of Australopithecus afarensis assemblages confirm only moderate skeletal dimorphism. PeerJ. 2015; 3:e925. PMID: 25945314; PMCID: PMC4419524.
    5. Kjosness KM, Hines JE, Lovejoy CO, Reno PL. The pisiform growth plate is lost in humans and supports a role for Hox in growth plate formation. J Anat. 2014 Nov; 225(5):527-38. PMID: 25279687.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Reno PL. Genetic and developmental basis for parallel evolution and its significance for hominoid evolution. Evol Anthropol. 2014 Sep-Oct; 23(5):188-200. PMID: 25347977.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Reno PL, McLean CY, Hines JE, Capellini TD, Bejerano G, Kingsley DM. A penile spine/vibrissa enhancer sequence is missing in modern and extinct humans but is retained in multiple primates with penile spines and sensory vibrissae. PLoS One. 2013; 8(12):e84258. PMID: 24367647; PMCID: PMC3868586.
    8. Reno PL, Horton WE, Lovejoy CO. Metapodial or phalanx? An evolutionary and developmental perspective on the homology of the first ray's proximal segment. J Exp Zool B Mol Dev Evol. 2013 Jul; 320(5):276-85. PMID: 23640850.
      View in: PubMed
    9. McLean CY, Reno PL, Pollen AA, Bassan AI, Capellini TD, Guenther C, Indjeian VB, Lim X, Menke DB, Schaar BT, Wenger AM, Bejerano G, Kingsley DM. Human-specific loss of regulatory DNA and the evolution of human-specific traits. Nature. 2011 Mar 10; 471(7337):216-9. PMID: 21390129; PMCID: PMC3071156.
    10. Reno PL, McCollum MA, Meindl RS, Lovejoy CO. An enlarged postcranial sample confirms Australopithecus afarensis dimorphism was similar to modern humans. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2010 Oct 27; 365(1556):3355-63. PMID: 20855309; PMCID: PMC2981962.
    11. Reno PL, McCollum MA, Cohn MJ, Meindl RS, Hamrick M, Lovejoy CO. Patterns of correlation and covariation of anthropoid distal forelimb segments correspond to Hoxd expression territories. J Exp Zool B Mol Dev Evol. 2008 May 15; 310(3):240-58. PMID: 18080316.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Reno PL, Horton WE, Elsey RM, Lovejoy CO. Growth plate formation and development in alligator and mouse metapodials: evolutionary and functional implications. J Exp Zool B Mol Dev Evol. 2007 May 15; 308(3):283-96. PMID: 17285637.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Serrat MA, Reno PL, McCollum MA, Meindl RS, Lovejoy CO. Variation in mammalian proximal femoral development: comparative analysis of two distinct ossification patterns. J Anat. 2007 Mar; 210(3):249-58. PMID: 17331175; PMCID: PMC2100278.
    14. Reno PL, McBurney DL, Lovejoy CO, Horton WE. Ossification of the mouse metatarsal: differentiation and proliferation in the presence/absence of a defined growth plate. Anat Rec A Discov Mol Cell Evol Biol. 2006 Jan; 288(1):104-18. PMID: 16342215.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Reno PL, Meindl RS, McCollum MA, Lovejoy CO. The case is unchanged and remains robust: Australopithecus afarensis exhibits only moderate skeletal dimorphism. A reply to Plavcan et al. (2005). J Hum Evol. 2005 Aug; 49(2):279-88. PMID: 15993470.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Reno PL, Meindl RS, McCollum MA, Lovejoy CO. Sexual dimorphism in Australopithecus afarensis was similar to that of modern humans. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 Aug 05; 100(16):9404-9. PMID: 12878734; PMCID: PMC170931.
    17. Reno PL, McCollum MA, Lovejoy CO, Meindl RS. Adaptationism and the anthropoid postcranium: selection does not govern the length of the radial neck. J Morphol. 2000 Nov; 246(2):59-67. PMID: 11074575.
      View in: PubMed
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