PSU Profiles
Last Name

Carol Whitfield

InstitutionCollege of Medicine
DepartmentCellular and Molecular Physiology
Address500 University Drive Hershey PA 17033
Mailbox: H176


Associate Dean Pre-Clinical Education, Professor of Cellular and Molecular Physiology


Ph.D., George Washington University Medical Center, 1969
Postdoctoral Training, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, 1968-1970


Dr. Whitfield's research interests have been in the areas of regulation of hexose transporters in heart muscle and erythrocytes, and in the molecular basis for hereditary hemolytic anemias. The latter area led to the identification of a lethal defect in synthesis of the a-spectrin protein of the membrane skeleton, as one cause of non-immune hydrops fetalis. Her interest in education has gradually become the main focus of her activities. She has been active in bringing the advantages and techniques of problem-based learning to graduate science education at Penn State, and in encouraging the use of computer-assisted instruction in the College of Medicine.

With a colleague, she undertook the responsibility for creating and designing, implementing and administering a new, problem-based curricular track for years one and two of medical school. This highly successful track was in place from 1992 through 1997, when it was incorporated into a new hybrid curriculum. Dr. Whitfield was part of the Task Force appointed in 1995 to design the new hybrid curriculum, rejoining the two curricular tracks and providing integration of discipline related material and problem-based learning experiences for all medical students.

Her research interests currently are in the effectiveness of various teaching and learning interventions in medical and graduate education.

 selected publications
Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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  1. Williams RG, Klamen DL, White CB, Petrusa E, Fincher RM, Whitfield CF, Shatzer JH, McCarty T, Miller BM. Tracking development of clinical reasoning ability across five medical schools using a progress test. Acad Med. 2011 Sep; 86(9):1148-54.
    View in: PubMed
  2. Nandate K, Abola R, Murray WB, Whitfield C, Lang C, Sinz E. Simulation of diabetic ketoacidosis for cellular and molecular basics of medical practice. Simul Healthc. 2009; 4(4):232-6.
    View in: PubMed
  3. Whitfield CF, Mauger EA, Zwicker J, Lehman EB. Differences between students in problem-based and lecture-based curricula measured by clerkship performance ratings at the beginning of the third year. Teach Learn Med. 2002; 14(4):211-7.
    View in: PubMed
  4. Whitfield CF, Xie SX. Correlation of problem-based learning facilitators' scores with student performance on written exams. Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract. 2002; 7(1):41-51.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Whitfield CF, Follweiler JB, Lopresti-Morrow L, Miller BA. Deficiency of alpha-spectrin synthesis in burst-forming units-erythroid in lethal hereditary spherocytosis. Blood. 1991 Dec 1; 78(11):3043-51.
    View in: PubMed
  6. Miller BA, Foster K, Robishaw JD, Whitfield CF, Bell L, Cheung JY. Role of pertussis toxin-sensitive guanosine triphosphate-binding proteins in the response of erythroblasts to erythropoietin. Blood. 1991 Feb 1; 77(3):486-92.
    View in: PubMed
  7. Goodman SR, Krebs KE, Whitfield CF, Riederer BM, Zagon IS. Spectrin and related molecules. CRC Crit Rev Biochem. 1988; 23(2):171-234.
    View in: PubMed
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